I am sure many of you visited a number of English speaking countries. US or American English is not the only special variety of English. Each area of the English-speaking volk has developed its own special characteristics. This is usually mainly a matter of vocabulary and pronunciation. This article will gives you a small taste of some of the different varieties of English by drawing your attention to vocabulary used in various English-speaking regions. You may come across many of the words covered in your own reading, listening or viewing.
Australian English is particularly interesting for its rich use of highly colloquial words and expressions. Australian colloquialisms often involve shortening a word. Sometimes the ending ‘-ie’ or ‘-o’ is then added, e.g. a truckie is ‘a truck or lorry-driver’ and a milkodelivers the milk; beaut, short for ‘beautiful’ means ‘great’ and biggie is ‘a bog one’. Oz is short for Australia and an Aussie is an Australian.
Indian English :
Indian English, on the other hand, is characterised by sounding more formal than British English. In everyday usage, words that are found more in the classics of nineteenth century literature than in contemporary TV programmes, e.g. The bereaved are condoled and the Prime Minister is felicitated on his or her birthday. An Indian might complain of a pain in his bosom and an Indian bandit is referred to as a miscreant.
Scottish English uses a number of special dialect words of the
more common of these are worth learning.
aye/aı/: yes loch: lake, bairn: child
ben: mountain dreich: dull
to mind: to remember janitor: caretaker
brae: bank (of river) burn: stream
dram: drink (usually whisky) bonny: beautiful
outwith: outside lassie: girl
In the next article we will cover the Jamaican English and the differences between US – American English and British English.
So stay tuned…
Text: Eveline Goodman.
„Eveline Goodman ist Geschäftsführerin von EforP – English for Professionals, einem Sprachinstitut, das sich auf maßgeschneiderte Trainings – auf „Integrated Trainings“ sowie auf Sprachtrainings – für Unternehmer und deren Mitarbeiter spezialisiert hat.
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